Roman Artefacts Gallery

Legionary Helmet

Known to soldiers as their Galerus, it is equipped with a strengthening metal ridge, cheek flaps and neck protector.

Auxiliary Shield

Used by foreign soldiers within the Roman army.



Military belt with groin guard, worn by Legionaries, sometimes referred to as a balteus.


Goatskin satchel used by legionaries to store their impedimenta (kit).


Legionary’s dagger.

Auxiliaries Recurve Bow, Arrows & Goatskin Quiver

Archers tended to be drawn from Auxiliaries (ie. non-Roman citizens) and whole regiments could be full of them.  That said they were under-used by the Roman Army, unlike, for example, the Egyptian. 


A javelin-like spear, designed to buckle on impact, rendering it useless in counter-attack. 

Ludus Latrunculorum


Legionary’s sword designed to be short for close combat.


Soldiers were responsible for building the famous straight roads in peacetime.  This is their pick-axe


A gladiator’s shoulder guard.


Crossed wooden pole on which a Legionary’s equipment is secured for carrying over the shoulder.  Gregorius’ was chosen for its curvature, fitting snugly against the arm.


A common sight in a Roman kitchen.

Nine Men’s Morris

A board game much enjoyed by various peoples through to modernity and hotly debated as a Roman game.  This seems highly likely though.

Fleeces and Goatskin

There were multiple uses for these from padding the sandals (a wily trick for any soldier experienced in a long march) to making tents and bags.

Face Pot

A cinerary urn.  Romans much preferred cremation over burial.  This is for storing the ashes of a loved one.


Sandal-like open hob-nailed boots worn by Legionaries


Expensive pottery, hand decorated and polished.


Roman children played rolling games with nuts, particularly around Saturnalia (Winter Solstice – or Christmas).

Oil Lamps

Cast in a mould from clay.

Horse Toy

Blackware Cup

An example of the Roman Empire’s skill in maintaining simplicity.  No handles are needed because of the dimples, so if more skilled potters travelling with the army died almost anyone could stand in.

Wax Tablet Scraper

Aiding the re-usability of the tablets – perhaps a bit like pupils’ whiteboards today.


A free toy to occupy children throughout history.


A Roman mixing bowl studded with grit to aid grinding and with a small spout for pouring sauces.

Linen Manica & Greaves

A cheap form of armour for a gladiator.

Roman Socks

Leather ball

It would be a lucky child indeed to have one of these made for them.


Used in Roman baths to scrape dead skin and dirt away.


A small cooking pot for a soldier.

Roman Knife

Small enough to fit in a soldier’s pack easily.


Made from bone, wood, clay or lead and popularly used for gambling.


Gladiatrix Breastplate

Female gladiators existed and were often forced to fight topless in fact.  Lisa often wears this as the Celtic queen, Boudica.


Legionary’s drinking flask lined with beeswax to prevent rust.

Roman Sistrum

A musical instrument.

Wax Tablets

Re-usable and stamped with a brand.

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